Posted by Cheryl Anderson, recently departed USAID Ghana Mission Director
As my days in country as Mission Director of USAID Ghana come to an end, I find myself reflecting on the privilege of serving in this position and the progress made over the last four years. This was not my first experience living in Ghana as I had come some thirty years ago as a Peace Corps volunteer, where I taught mathematics at Arch Bishop Porter in Takoradi. The joy of re-establishing relationships with students, teachers and friends combined with the new friendships made during my tour this time around ensure that Ghana will always have a special place in my heart. I’m told I give motherly advice, and I’m going to share some here as I spread some news about where USAID Ghana has been and where we’re going.
Cheryl Anderson, former USAID Ghana Mission Director
It’s nice to see the changes in Ghana. Sometimes we can get discouraged that we’re not moving fast enough here. Back then we had serious challenges with hunger throughout Ghana. Now, Ghana is one of the first countries to meet Millennium Development Goal #1 which is cutting poverty and hunger in half. There’s still a long way to go, but back then you couldn’t take democracy and human rights for granted. Ghana handled the Supreme Court case in a way that is not violent and according to the rule of law which serves to strengthen democracy. Don’t take democracy for granted – keep perfecting it. Use everything you can to fight the cancer of corruption.
I arrived shortly after President Obama’s visit and there was euphoria in the atmosphere in Ghana where he held up some high expectations. With this positive energy, we rolled up our sleeves and got to work with Ghanaians on major initiatives such as the President’s Malaria Initiative, PEPFAR, and Obama’s first development initiative Feed the Future, where Ghana’s been a priority country. We ‘ve begun feasibility studies through Partnership for Growth, to address major constraints to economic growth and development: reliable energy and access to credit. Announced during the President’s recent Africa tour in June, Ghana will benefit from Power Africa. Through vehicles such as these initiatives, we at USAID Ghana have focused on four primary sectors: economic growth, democratic governance, health and education.
In terms of food security we’ve really been able to focus our efforts on the value chain from the seeds to the table, not just increasing yields but improving access to technology, but also credit, warehousing, processing, and making sure linkages between farmers and markets are. We’ve shifted our efforts to focus on the most vulnerable households starting with the North to improve resiliency.
When I came here the latest data we had indicated that only 19% of households had bednets, and we dreamed about what we call universal coverage which is one bednet per every two people. Our latest surveys indicate that 51% of households in Ghana have one or more bednets, and we know how effective that is in preventing malaria.
In terms of addressing HIV and AIDS we’re proud be the most active donor aside from the Global Fund. Ghana’s prevalence rate for HIV continues to reduce and currently hovers at 1.37%, leaving little doubt with courage and determination together we can get to zero. We’ve been very active in family planning, as well. In the last few years we’ve seen an increase of 35% in use of modern contraception.
When I came here I would see children in the streets during the day and wondered why aren’t they in school. People would tell me maybe they were in the first shift and their school is over. I’m very proud to have been a part of the effort to found or refurbish new schools so children no longer attend school under trees and less often have to attend during shifts. We’ve built or refurbished 200 primary and junior high schools and District buildings throughout Ghana. Combined with the efforts of MCC in the first Millennium Challenge Compact, that’s nearly 450 schools that the United States has built or refurbished with close cooperation of the Ministry of Education and AMA to improve access to education. We’re now shifting our focus toward improving primary literacy.
We’ve been very sincere about the international agenda for aid effectiveness. Ghana’s own objective is to have established middle income status and being aid independent in the future. This is a fundamental part of planning, which is why we focus so much on capacity building so that all of our efforts are sustainable. Data based planning has become the norm at USAID, and I encourage you to review our recently completed five year strategic plan.
As I close, I want to encourage all who might read this to work hard to keep Ghana competitive. It’s a tall order which requires many stakeholders, especially the private sector. Make sure that girls and women are very engaged in shaping Ghana’s future because they will make it great. I thank the people of Ghana for their hospitality, forgiveness, and rich culture – Medasse, M’ani agye paa!
Posted by C. Patricia Alsup, Charge d’Affaires, a.i.
Just as we were recently compelled to commend Ghana for its commitment to the rule of law and democratic processes, as demonstrated by the peaceful resolution of the election dispute through the judicial process, we are compelled to condemn nations that repudiate international norms as Syria did last week when the regime of Bashar Assad unleashed an unconscionable chemical attack on an opposition stronghold in the suburbs of Damascus. US Secretary of State John Kerry has rightly called the August 21 attack, which left 1,429 people, including 426 children, dead, a “moral obscenity” and a crime against humanity.
On August 30, the White House released an unclassified intelligence assessment which determined that the Syrian government was responsible for the use of chemical weapons against its own people on August 21st. This assessment is based on a wide variety of sources, including: human, signals and geospatial intelligence; multiple accounts describing chemical-filled rockets impacting opposition-controlled areas; accounts from international and Syrian medical personnel; thousands of social media reports; and information from a highly credible international organization reporting that three hospitals in the Damascus area received approximately 3,600 patients displaying symptoms consistent with nerve agent exposure. We believe that the Syrian regime must be held accountable for its actions.
The Arab League declared that they have decided “to hold the Syrian regime fully responsible for this crime.” The Organization for Islamic Cooperation has said that the regime must be held “legally and morally accountable for this heinous crime.” NATO’s North Atlantic Council declared that “any use of such weapons is unacceptable and cannot go unanswered. Those responsible must be held accountable.”
Secretary Kerry has emphasized that, “The question is not what we know but what are we going to do about it?“ More than 180 countries have signed and ratified the Chemical Weapons Convention, including Ghana and the United States. As President Obama noted, “The world has an obligation to make sure we maintain the norm against the use of chemical weapons.”
We urge the people of Ghana to join the international community in condemning the Syrian government’s use of internationally-banned chemical weapons and in urging the international community to hold the regime accountable for this violation of a bedrock of international norm.
C. Patricia Alsup
Charge d’Affaires, a.i.
United States of America Embassy to Ghana
Posted by Gene A. Cretz, U.S. Ambassador to Ghana.
Ambassador Gene Cretz & Northern Regional Minister Bede Ziedeng in Tamale, Ghana, May 15, 2013. [State Dept. photo by Jeanne Clark/Public Domain]
I recently had the opportunity to travel to Tamale and the environs of the Northern Region, and was happy to meet and understand the shape and contours of our many partnerships. Throughout Ghana we have broad and rich relationships, but the relevance of our development efforts really crystallized for me in Tamale.
We all know that malaria kills more children under the age of five in Ghana than any other single disease. I’m proud that the U.S. Government has a program aimed at keeping mothers and children alive. It is called the President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI). Through this initiative we directly provided more than 3 million Long Lasting Insecticide Treated Nets from 2010 – 2012, and provided the technical assistance to the National Malaria Control Program to develop a long-term distribution strategy. In the village of Mogla, I witnessed how neighbors opened their homes to Indoor Residual Spraying as a key part of ending preventable childhood deaths. And this partnership, this opening of homes and hearts, between Ghana and America has truly touched me. The program involves protection for over 900,000 people. I met pregnant mothers who will be safe from the disease as well as several beautiful children under five years of age who will now live many more years when compared to the time before spraying began. The process of spraying from getting community buy-in to training the sprayers was truly impressive.
Just as progress against malaria couldn’t be made without close cooperation, goodwill, and spirit of the community members and traditional leaders, the same holds true when seeking to enhance agricultural production to reduce poverty. In Tolon-Kumbugu, we are supporting the largest irrigation scheme in the Northern Region. Through the introduction of improved infrastructure and technologies, farmers are realizing increasing yield and incomes.
Irrigation Project, Botanga, Ghana, May 15, 2013. [State Dept. photo by Jeanne Clark/Public Domain]
For me, seeing is believing, so we traveled to the Botanga Irrigation Site to learn how The Agricultural Development and Value Chain Enhancement (ADVANCE) Program, a USAID-funded project, helps the farmers to get their produce to our dinner tables. This project adopts a value chain approach where smallholder farmers are linked to markets, finance, equipment services and information through relatively larger commercial farmers and traders who have the capacity to invest in these chains staples (maize, rice and soybean) to achieve a greater degree of food security among the rural population in the North. While women still too often have to go through the back-breaking labor of planting rice seedlings hand by hand, over time, modernized farming techniques coupled with fertilizer and advanced seeds are gradually increasing the income of smallholder farmers.
Finally, we are changing lives by enhancing the quality and facilities of the Northern Region’s basic education services. Of the 38 Peace Corps volunteers currently in the North, nearly a quarter of these dedicated public servants are teaching at junior and senior secondary schools and schools for the deaf in the subject areas of math, science, art and ICT. USAID in collaboration with the Ministry of Education has engaged in a total of 68 projects in the North, including: 22 kindergarten blocks, 22 Junior High School blocks, 22 toilet blocks and 2 new District Education Offices.
Ambassador Cretz & USAID Ghana Country Director Cheryl Anderson in Tamale, Ghana, May 15, 2013. [State Dept. photo by Jeanne Clark/ public Domain]
The impact and motivation that new facilities provide struck me while visiting the Nyohini Presbyterian Primary School. The stark contrast of seeing classes conducted inside unstable wooden structures next to a newly constructed classroom offering electricity, flooring and ceilings leaves one speechless. Seeing a newly constructed latrine facility next to a dilapidated building with no sink available to wash one’s hands left me with hope and belief that through these measures clear progress would be made with sanitation and hygiene.
As the children warmly sang to us throughout our visit, and the Parent Teacher’s Association vowed to support and maintain the new facility, I left the Northern Region proud that the United States collaborates with partners on priorities determined by Ghana. From meetings with Regional Minister Ziedeng, to traditional rulers to private sector machinery suppliers, I departed Tamale knowing that the Northern Region experienced America at its best. We are not only saving lives but we are changing lives.
Posted by Gene A. Cretz, U.S. Ambassador to Ghana.
Matuto performs at the Rev. John Teye Memorial Institute in Accra, Ghana, March 18, 2013. [State Dept. photo by Kwabena Akuamoah-Boateng/ public Domain]
As we celebrate the world’s first recognition of International Jazz Day, I take time to marvel at the amazing bonds of humanity that are made through music and that reverberate in other places as well. Being a diplomat and being away from home most of the time, it’s not often that I get to listen to and share American music. Just last month, we had the pleasure of hosting Matuto, who played an organic brand of folk, jazz and indigenous music that uplifted anyone in earshot, and brought all to their feet by the time they finished their sets.
The most inspirational moments of their performances came when after just a few hours and at times —minutes — that they’d had to practice with Ghanaian musicians – Bigshot, students from the John Teye Memorial School, MUSIGA artists or Nana Boroo. The lessons that come as a result of raw, honest exchange of talent are the moments that we all treasure. In the weeks that followed their departure from Accra, I find myself looking for areas we have –and could apply the same principles to the diplomacy, educational exchanges, and business we conduct with Ghana on a daily basis.
When Americans and Ghanaians bring their well-developed talents to the table, much can be accomplished, no matter the area of interaction. We see this when tech developers sit down with farmers to get raw data about conditions out in the open for governments, academicians and civil society to analyze, such as what happened in this week’s Agriculture Open Data Initiative in Washington, DC, where Ghana lead the charge in shedding light on its nation’s data. We see it when American businesses like Belstar Development Corp. and Odulair, LLC specially equip mobile health clinics to try to improve access to basic care to thousands of Ghanaians, based on identified needs.
Through shared trust and confidence developed through our gifts such as music, we solidify the knowledge that our cultures are inextricably linked and that we have much to offer each other. Matuto achieved everything that musical ambassadors should-and much more. For Americans, Louis Armstrong led the charge back in 1956 when he first visited President Nkrumah in Ghana. Ghanaians welcomed him with thunderous applause and Ghanaian musicians joined in with dance, rhythm and harmony. Long live the enriched relationship that music has forged between our nations. Let us use what we achieve through musical exchange as a model for what we can do in other areas to enhance our mutual understanding.
Posted by – Dzid Enyonam Kwame, PEPFAR Media Specialist, US Embassy Ghana.
HIV Awareness Competition by students of school for the deaf in Savalegu, Ghana, March, 2013. [State Dept. photo by Dzid Enyonam Kwame/ Public Domain]
After recently taking up the position of PEPFAR Media Specialist, which means I work with five US government agencies, one of the key and immediate things I needed to do was familiarize myself with projects that the various agencies support through site visits. So I embarked on a trip to Tamale in the Northern region to visit some Peace Corps and USAID supported sites. On a hot afternoon, it was time to go the Savelugu School for the Blind, where they were celebrating HIV/AIDS Awareness week.
I met Peace Corps volunteer Kate Barclay near the Tamale post office and together we went to the school. Exceptionally warm, Kate’s words were heartwarming as she shared with me the activities and programs she and the kids had embarked on in order to better understand HIV/AIDS. Prior to Kate’s arrival at the school, the kids who fall into the most vulnerable group category had no knowledge of HIV and AIDS. It was quite difficult to educate them through sign language. This, Kate successfully mastered by learning sign language when she came to Ghana to best communicate with the children. We finally got to the school where over 85 kids between ages 3 and 20 waited eagerly for a hand to hold or someone to show them affection. The student eyes lighted as they saw Kate. They scrambled for her bag and attention. My eyes flooded with tears. I struggled to keep myself in check.
Some were very shabby and others very excited to see a new face. According to Kate, some of the children had been abandoned by parents and sadly had no family members to go to during school breaks, which meant they had to stay on the compound. I saw that many of them had found some comfort and solace at the school, which lacked amenities like water, not to talk of irrational power supply. From my novice eyes, some of the kids looked malnourished, others forlorn, but most maintained a glimmer of hope in their eyes. One thing was clearly evident. The kids were in a fierce competition to produce the best HIV/AIDS flag. Busily they put together and sewed artistic flags that spelt out the need to either be aware of or eradicate the HIV menace .With excitement written all over, they showed me the work they were putting together. The HIV Awareness week involved 5 different events: Flag Making, Scavenger Hunt, Relay Race, Facts, and Drama. There were ten teams of Junior High School students, with each team being led by a teacher and a student-leader.
As the students proudly competed to showcase their work to me, they touched me all over. I responded with sadness in my eyes and wished they didn’t have to suffer this fate. Some suffered multiple disabilities mostly as a result of childhood sicknesses like meningitis. Albeit, some of these students deaf and dumb, possessed varied and incredible talents that would amaze anyone who made contact with them. 85 students participated in all. There were small moments of chaos, but the students had a BLAST, and I am very proud of them. They even knew global and Ghanaian AIDS statistics, and how to spell “Immunodeficiency” perfectly.
My contact with the Kids at Savelugu was very revealing and gave me a better idea of what Peace Corps does, especially what the volunteers are involved in, what they go through on a daily basis and the challenges that confront them in their various field and the target whose lives they work to improve. I’m proud to work on the PEPFAR team and to see how they contribute to these efforts, where education for all is important.
Posted by: C. Patricia Alsup, Deputy Chief of Mission
Deputy Chief of Mission Pat Alsup engaging with Ghana’s emerging women leaders. University of Ghana Teaching Assistant Fati Mohammed prepares to share her advocacy against child marriages.
President Sirleaf Johnson (President of Liberia), Hillary Clinton (Former Secretary of State), Toni Morrison (Pulitzer Prize winning author), Sandra Day O’Connor (Supreme Court Justice), and Mae Jemison (Astronaut). Why do I begin by listing the names of these five women? These are just a few of the women who have inspired me to reach higher, pursue courageously, and to think smarter. No one wakes up one day and thinks I’m going to be a leader. Rather, we are shaped by our faith, family, community and circumstances. I view Women’s History Month 2013 as Women’s Leadership month, and I am grateful for all those who have come before me and I am hopeful that I have managed to encourage a few to attain goals they never dreamed possible.
I had the opportunity this week to meet with some of Ghana’s rising women leaders from fields ranging in diversity from engineering to fashion design, and academia to journalism. I shared that when I was in university, there were fewer educational paths to follow compared to the diverse array of degrees and educational paths one can opt to pursue today. The palpable energy created by bringing these women together convinced all of us that networking and creating avenues of support for one another will inevitably brighten Ghana’s future.
Throughout my working life, I have treasured the moments when women took time out to support my efforts, guide my thinking, or pushed me to do more or change. I am confident that the women I met today from Danquah Institute, CitiFM, Nandi-Mobile, Eugo Terrano, and the Legal Resources Centre, Ghana and so many more will make the efforts to inspire and mentor those in their midst.
When the opportunity to join the Foreign Service arose, I jumped on the opportunity to share and learn with colleagues from around the world. Whether working with women entrepreneurs in the Dominican Republic, or speaking with human rights activists in the Gambia, I began to marvel at the lengths women went to advance their families, their communities and their countries. In Ghana, I’ve been struck by the positive spirit that prevails and I’ve been inspired by meeting with emerging women leaders in nearly every segment of society.
We live and work in a world where we can ill afford to leave anyone behind. We all have a responsibility to positively impact the communities we touch. In closing, I smile thinking about the women I met this week and I return to the women who most inspired throughout my life. I believe that each in her own way, pursued her passion which served to touch the lives of countless others. I challenge you to do the same.
Posted by Sophia Bosompem, Zainab Mahama & Rita Awuku
L-R: Sophia Bosompem, Zainab Mahama & Rita Awuku
The day starts early — very early, and three of the Public Affairs Section’s Senior leaders are up and at it playing the invaluable roles of bringing Americans and Ghanaians closer one person at a time. Meet Sophia, Zainab and Rita, if you’ve not yet had the pleasure of crossing paths.
Sophia serves as a Cultural Affairs Specialist and manages a wide range of educational and cultural exchange programs. She casts a wide net across Ghana trying to keep abreast of those demonstrating promise in their studies, and a whole host of other professionals extraordinarily committed to bettering their communities. As a public relations practitioner, Zainab’s major task is to work as an image shaper for the United States. She generates a positive image by continually building relationships with journalists from varying degrees of experience, as well as maintaining contact with government officials, and media related organizations. Rita works tirelessly as director of the Information Resource Center to let Ghanaians know about the valuable available resources. She designs training sessions which fit the needs of those she engages, and creates programs where Americans and Ghanaians can frankly share opinions and views about films, literature, law, economics or politics.
In a highly collaborative environment such as ours, a typical day involves a series of meetings, striving for best management practices, making appointments, interviews, program planning, media monitoring and making sure that accurate information is provided to meet the needs of the mission community and the Ghanaian public. At work, you simply can feel so much technical competency around that one looks out for additional attributes worth learning from, such as the ability to articulate a vision, humility and courage in order to create a positive working environment.
As women with families, we strive to attain work and family balance, reviewing and appraising forward-looking strategies for our advancement and the general advancement of women through our numerous gender-related programs. Through our programs, we raise awareness and challenge women to push themselves to attain new heights, embrace an ever broader audience, or help mentor and lift up a younger generation.
After years of working at the Public Affairs Section, we have come to appreciate the uniqueness of our positions. It is the little things that can cause the heart to skip a beat, such as a simple “thank you” from a lady who finally got inspired by our programs or got the article she wanted from available databases, a woman who learnt something new from us and has a success story to tell, or the spark in a young lady’s eyes when she gleefully arrives at a programs or training sessions. Most of all what we’d like to share with you is that it is important to love what you are doing because it is the passion that drives what we do.
Posted by Stephanie Sandoval, Vice Consul, U.S. Embassy.
Stephanie Sandoval engaging US Embassy Ghana facebook fans, Accra, Ghana, October, 2012. [State Dept. photo by Kwabena Akuamoah-Boateng/ Public Domain]
As an immigrant visa officer at the U.S. Embassy in Ghana, I spend much of my day interviewing people from all facets of life in Ghana. And as a mother to two small boys, I am constantly looking for new ways to connect with my kids and imploring their cooperation for something, whether that is eating dinner or getting dressed for school. In both roles, communication skills are vital.
The visa interview plays a large role in determining if applicants are eligible for the visa they are requesting, a visa which gives them the right to move to the U.S., permanently. The goal is to reunite real families who have been separated, sometimes for years, or in the case of new marriages and adoptions, to create families.
Consular Officers sometimes joke that they see more of a local population than anyone else in an embassy. There’s a spark of truth to this joke. I speak to hundreds of Ghanaians each month. Of course, it is in a highly artificial environment—a conversation separated by glass and a scratchy microphone—yet the nature of the interaction is necessarily personal for the applicant since the interview is generally about their closest relationships. I talk with Ghanaians about their wives, husbands, children, parents, sisters, brothers. I ask questions about their past, clarify information about their relationships and listen to the responses. The environment may be artificial, but the substance of the conversation is real.
Cultural differences color the way a person interacts in an interview, so a Consular Officer must be understanding and flexible. Fortunately for my applicants, my communication skills and adaptability have been honed as a mother. One might say that talking to small children is like crossing a cultural boundary, again where good communication and flexibility are critical. Whether this means setting expectations for my three-year-old, who loves climbing sofas and bookshelves, or interviewing my one-year-old creatively to understand whether he wants milk or crayons, the required are the same as those I use for interviewing immigrant visa applicants: patience, understanding and flexibility.
I love my work because it brings together the roles I play as a mother with that as a professional. I feel privileged to be a Consular Officer in Ghana. I am glad that I can contribute in my small way to the betterment of peoples’ lives and grow as person, and as a mother, at the same time.
Posted by Gene A. Cretz, US Ambassador to Ghana.
Amb. Gene Cretz at Food Across Borders Conference in Accra, Ghana, January 30, 2013. [State Dept. photo by Kwabena Akuamoah-Boateng/ Public Domain]
As Ghanaians were glued to their football team’s prowess in the African Cup of Nations and Embassy Americans were anticipating the clash of titans in the Super Bowl, our Embassy’s focus was getting to know newly sworn-in Cabinet Members between football matches. Accra was abuzz each evening after Parliament concluded hearings for Cabinet nominees, where several nominees were grilled by Members, including the newly approved Minister for Gender, Children and Social Protection. The latter’s staunch support for human rights prompted a lively public conversation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) issues. The first dozen cabinet members have been sworn in and we look forward to working with them on diversity and inclusion, and to partnering with the Government of Ghana across our many mutual areas of interest in the months and years to come.
Last week’s activities show the depth and breadth of our bilateral relationship. We opened with a Cyber-security workshop, bringing together law enforcement and government officials to chart the way forward to improve cyber security cooperation in West Africa. One goal of this conference, the second of its type in West Africa, is to build a network of law enforcement and prosecutors to promote cybersecurity and mobile security best practices, combat cybercrime, and collect and use electronic evidence. In an increasingly mobile and networked world, cooperation among international law enforcement can be the key to deterring and reducing incidents of cybercrime and related criminal enterprises.
Mid-week, more than 200 delegates came to Accra for the Food Across Borders conference, hosted by the Government of Ghana and ECOWAS. I delivered remarks on President Obama’s major Food Security initiatives in the region and urged the delegates from 15 ECOWAS countries to work with the private sector to attract more private investment into agriculture. This conference will be followed up by the USAID West African Trade Hub’s Borderless Alliance conference here in late February. Participants in Borderless review data on routes where intra-regional trade barriers have dropped, commend best practices to each other, and identify areas for further improvement. Both events are part of our ongoing engagement with stakeholders from ECOWAS member states, development partners and the private sector to devise and implement practical solutions to reduce barriers to regional trade, to get staple foods to those that need it most, and to encourage the next generation to enter agri-business. There are many related opportunities for job creation in Ghana and the U.S., a win-win for both countries, as well as the broader sub-region.
On Friday, Feb. 1, we inaugurated the West Africa Regional Training Center (RTC) for law enforcement with three dozen Ghanaian professionals on enhanced investigative techniques for Transnational Organized Crimes and Financial Crimes. The new RTC in Accra, which will be formally launched when senior management are brought on board later this year, will offer 13 training courses in 2013 to strengthen law enforcement capacity and regional cooperation in West Africa. I also did my first Facebook chat, fielding more than 250 comments and questions on our assistance programs and other initiatives.
My team finished the week celebrating youth. First, Cultural Affairs and Peace Corps partnered with the Young Education Foundation to conduct the 2013 Spelling Bee finals on Feb. 2 in Accra, a competition which promotes literacy and levels the playing field for participants from across Ghana. This year’s Ghana Bee was particularly diverse, with more than 100 participants vying for the championship from seven of Ghana’s ten regions. Peace Corps Volunteers played an essential role in recruiting and practicing with the participants at various stages of competition and building on classroom and extra-curricular activities at the schools in which Volunteers teach and coach. They also offered sympathetic shoulders on which losing contestants could cry and be consoled.
Also on Saturday, we launched Generation Change in Wa, with 45 young leaders representing more than 12,000 students and others youth who are settling in the Upper West Region. They are running small businesses, working with deprived members of their communities to develop literacy, IT and other marketable skills. These youth are change-makers in the best sense, combining community traditions, classroom learning, and social media tools to share their ideas and stabilize their communities. We are committed to partnering with youth leaders across Ghana’s three northern regions, and elsewhere in Ghana, as they contribute their energy and talents to create a better Ghana.
Big changes start with small steps. As one Generation Change member told us: “Every great thing starts with a small step.” Ghanaians are taking steps each day – sometimes big, sometimes small – to build bright futures and create a healthy, enduring U.S. – Ghana relationship.
Posted by C. Pat Alsup, Deputy Chief of Mission, U.S. Embassy
Young Ghanaians at the U.S. Embassy Inauguration Event in Accra, Ghana, January 21, 2013. [State Dept. photo by Kwabena Akuamoah-Boateng/ Public Domain]
During the last year, as I joined Ambassador Gene Cretz to pay courtesy calls on Ghanaian government officials and politicians, one thing which struck me was the constant reference to President Obama’s visit and his speech in Accra in 2009. For most people, President Obama’s call to build strong institutions in Africa was most intriguing.
Most people I have met in Ghana indicate that the destinies of the United States and Ghana have increasingly become intertwined. Earlier in the month, as I witnessed President Mahama’s inauguration, I wondered how Ghanaians viewed their inauguration vis-à-vis ours. On Facebook, we asked how Ghanaians viewed the U.S. inauguration and President Obama’s second term. We received some interesting responses from over 60 Ghanaians. Whilst congratulating President Obama, some also drew comparisons between the United States’ and Ghana’s inaugurations, while others held greater hope for deeper engagement.
Yesterday, about 30 young Ghanaians joined me and other mission staff to watch the 57th U.S. Presidential Inauguration. The discussion that followed was rich and memorable. Here are some highlights from our discussion:
Alhassan Suhuyini, a broadcast journalist, told me that he is looking forward to what “the U.S. can do with Africa” rather than what “the U.S. can do for Africa” in the second Obama administration.
Mary Nartey, a Legal Officer at the Commission on Human Rights and Administrative Justice, was touched by President Obama’s mention of ensuring equal rights for gays and lesbians. Sharing her experience from a trip to the United States, she said Ghana could also continue the discourse to ensure equal rights for every human being irrespective of sexual orientation or gender.
The theme of “unity” is what touched Jemila Abdulai, a graduate student and blogger. Likening it to President Mahama’s inaugural address a few weeks ago, she is interested to see how the unity talked about will be achieved in the coming years in the face of the political divides in both countries. She wondered whether Ghana will take any cues from the United States.
With all the thought provoking comments made in response to the inauguration speech, it occurs to me that these are precisely the people that President Obama seeks to inspire. These young Ghanaians and opinion shapers have the vision, drive, and openness to address any challenge which comes Ghana’s way, and our quest shall be to create durable partnerships and encourage hope to persevere and innovate.
Originally posted on DipNote: http://blogs.state.gov/index.php/site/entry/ghanaians_observe_presidential_inauguration/
Posted by Gene A. Cretz, U.S. Ambassador to Ghana.
Dawn rises over Black Star Square as Ghanaians gather for the presidential inauguration in Accra, Ghana, January 7, 2013. [State Dept. photo by Kwabena Akuamoah-Boateng/ public Domain]
A new year means new challenges and new opportunities. In my corner of West Africa, both were on display this week. On Monday, January 7, as I drove through the red, yellow, and green clad streets of Accra towards Independence Square, I reflected on how privileged I was to witness history in the making as Ghana’s fourth president of the Fourth Republic was on his way to the Square to be sworn in, after successfully concluding a hard-fought political campaign. Unfortunately, my previous diplomatic postings did not afford me an opportunity to see a peaceful assumption of power after a democratic election.
Witnessing the on-time arrival of dignitaries and convening of the new Parliament alongside a stage full of political leaders from across Africa and notably, Ghana’s former presidents John Kufuor, Jerry Rawlings and former Secretary General Kofi Annan was an unforgettable cap to my first hundred days in Ghana. The only wrinkle in the event was the boycott by the main opposition party, which is challenging the outcome of the election.
Since arriving in late September, I’ve been struck by the number of Ghanaian political leaders who took time to meet with me in the midst of a very heated campaign season, to discuss where they see their country going and to explain how their lives changed immeasurably by connecting with Americans. Whether these Ghanaians were impacted by a U.S. educational or exchange experience, a Peace Corps teacher, a job with a U.S. company, or assistance from our development programs in education or health, the ties that link Ghana and the United States are diverse, long-standing, and far reaching. This became even more evident as the U.S. delegation of Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) CEO Daniel Yohannes, Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs Johnnie Carson, and Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs Donald Teitelbaum was so warmly welcomed by President Mahama, Vice President Amissah-Arthur, and numerous other African leaders at the formal inauguration and the post-inauguration luncheon for Heads of State.
On Tuesday, I moved from the ceremonial to the reality of daily life. I spent the day at the Eastern Regional Hospital, where I interacted with Ghanaians living with HIV/AIDS, their caregivers and advocates, and dedicated health workers who are working with our USAID and CDC Missions under the PEPFAR program. I witnessed the circumstances that people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) and their caregivers face each day as they seek counseling, treatment, and support to weather living with HIV.
PEPFAR programs in Ghana are practical, results-oriented interventions to help reduce the stigma that PLHIV still face in the wider society, despite many efforts by government and NGOs to improve education. Our programs encourage PLHIV to seek treatment and adhere to life-saving treatment regimens of anti-retroviral medications (ARVs). These programs make it possible for support groups to meet and, using the Models of Hope approach, have inspired and equipped those who are responding to antiviral treatment to advocate and encourage other PLHIV. Longer term, they are improving the ability of Ghana’s public health system to diagnose, treat, and monitor the care of those impacted by HIV to bring the incidence of HIV/AIDS in Ghana to zero, even among populations who are at most risk of contracting the disease. The Centers for Disease Control is playing an important role by strengthening the ability of key public labs to meet international standards, and increase the accuracy of diagnosis and effectiveness of medical treatment, which will benefit Ghanaians for generations to come. It is impressive to see firsthand the impact that a relatively modest amount of U.S. taxpayer money can have on the health of a population.
Later this spring, I will go elsewhere in Ghana to see where our PEPFAR team, Global Health Initiative implementing partners, and Peace Corps volunteers are working side-by-side with Ghanaians to save lives and improve the quality of life for those affected by HIV, malaria, and inadequate nutrition. We will keep you posted on how we are addressing these challenges and seizing new opportunities this year.
Posted by Gene A. Cretz, US Ambassador to Ghana
When you are preparing for your first Ambassadorship, you attend a prep course, or “charm school,” as they call it. No one tells you in training that you will visit latrines as part of promoting U.S. foreign policy and people-to-people ties.
But that is what I found myself doing as I dropped by the site of Paul M., a Peace Corps Volunteer from Iowa who is one of our “grassroots Ambassadors” in Ghana. Paul’s work in Adjomoku has already positively impacted perceptions of the U.S in this rural farming community in the Eastern Region of Ghana. He has already made lasting contributions to improved health outcomes in the four communities in which he volunteers. Paul works side-by-side with his Ghanaian hosts to gain community buy-in and support to design and build latrines in the four communities so that each villager has a safe and hygienic place for daily sanitation. These modern latrines help to reduce the incidence of malaria by reducing breeding grounds for disease-carrying mosquitoes.
While Paul is the focal Volunteer for these projects, community members supply essential labor and cement while USAID’s Water Access, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) project provides a small grant so that a mason can complete the skilled construction needed to make the latrine sustainable. WASH is improving rural Ghanaians’ access to potable water and sanitation, while Water Access, Sanitation and Hygiene for Urban Poor (WASH-UP) is doing the same for residents of five urban poor communities in Greater Accra and Sekondi-Takoradi.
Paul’s community takes visible pride in hosting a Peace Corps Volunteer and in what they can accomplish working together, drawing on locally-available resources, and following a simple but proven plan.
Along with other health volunteers in Ghana, Paul also organizes health workshops to demonstrate that improved sanitation makes sense by reducing disease, and reducing absenteeism from school and work in these rural communities. Improved health outcomes keep children in school and improve productivity by giving farmers more time to work on their small farms and in their small-scale enterprises.
Paul will only spend two years in Adjomoku, but I am confident that his impact will be felt long after he returns to the U.S. Several Ghanaian Cabinet Members have related to me how a Peace Corps Volunteer teacher helped spur them in the direction of leadership and appreciation of Ghana’s place in the wider world. That is sustainable development at work, from the village to the boardroom.
To learn more about other programs that are improving health and sanitation in Ghana and other West African communities, visit
Posted by Gene A. Cretz, US Ambassador to Ghana.
Last week, I ventured into the Eastern Region to spend the day with Peace Corps at their training center and a nearby site. Peace Corps officially welcomed 20 new agriculture volunteers into a program that is recognized for its accomplishments and deep connections in the communities in which volunteers serve. I had the honor of swearing in 20 new volunteers into 2012-2014 Peace Corps Ghana.
Normally my staff and I concentrate on the policy end of food security, meeting with government officials, development partners, and coordinating on technical assistance – operating from 32,000 feet, if you will. The newest Peace Corps Volunteers, whom I consider to be grassroots Ambassadors, operate from 3 feet – implementing President Obama’s and the G-8’s signature initiatives, Feed the Future and the New Alliance for Food Security, by bringing assistance and improving skills among those Ghanaians who need it most. These skilled PC Volunteers apply their technical and cultural skills to connect with communities that seek to improve animal husbandry, small-scale farming, basic sanitation, and health education. Although in my own experience as a PC Volunteer and as other PCVs have shared with me, Volunteers usually feel that they gain more than they ever give to their communities, I am confident that each one of the PCVs in Ghana will improve the health and welfare of all whose lives they touch.
Peace Corps is not the only U.S. people-to-people program having a significant impact on Ghanaian communities. This month, the Ghana Chapter of YES (Youth Exchange and Study Program) joined other countries’ chapters in celebrating 10 years of connecting high school students to communities and cultures through youth exchanges to and from the U.S.. Congratulations to all YES alumni for what they have accomplished. YES participants have changed lives – including their own – by spending a semester or year studying abroad and learning the culture of another country and its diverse communities.
Also like Peace Corps, YES participants plant seeds which develop into a abundant harvests of connected families, schools, cultures and communities. I am pleased to see that Ghana has one of the most active YES exchange programs in sub-Saharan Africa and a growing group of alumni who are working hard to make a difference. During the run-up to Ghana’s national elections, the community group “Yes for Peace” was convinced that YES alumni could help their communities by organizing workshops to promote conflict resolution. They believed that by mentoring youth and providing practical skills training they could help dampen tensions among rival political and social groups in advance of the voting on December 7. Grassroots training by the YES alums made it possible for people in those communities to advocate more effectively for their views and vote side-by-side, in peace with their neighbors.
And so we end this posting where we started: reflecting on programs that connect people, improve skills and livelihoods, and make each community touched a better place. Promoting peace, prosperity and mutual understanding are the heart of what these grassroots Ambassadors do. Many Americans and Ghanaians help make these goals a reality through their own volunteer service.
I am committed to Secretary Clinton’s goal of supplementing our official diplomacy by enlisting more Ghanaians and Americans to support our diplomacy and development agenda through volunteer service. In the months and years ahead, my team and I will work together with Ghanaians of all walks of life to strengthen our close ties, our mutual understanding, and to leave the relationship even stronger than when we arrived.
Posted by Gene A. Cretz, U.S. Ambassador to Ghana.
Ghanaians queue to vote in general elections, December 7, 2012. [State Dept. photo by Kwabena Akuamoah-Boateng/ Public Domain]
While many Americans experienced long lines when voting in our 2012 elections, by and large, they faced these inconveniences with patience and determination. Ghanaians displayed the same kind of determination, patience, and pride this past weekend when exercising their right to vote in their sixth presidential and parliamentary elections. Ghana’s commitment to democracy stands unrivaled on the African continent and is a lesson to all who take seriously our civic duties to vote, be it through volunteering as poll watchers, serving as election workers, or engaging in “Get Out the Vote” efforts.
Recognizing the strength of Ghana’s democratic traditions, as demonstrated in its five previous elections and two inter-party transitions of power, U.S. Embassy Ghana mapped out a strategy to observe Ghana’s first biometric election process while coordinating effectively with other observer missions. We created a Joint Command Center to tap information from our colleagues from Canada, the United Kingdom, Australia, and the European Union. We met “electronically” and in person in the embassy’s Information Resource Center to share reports from our respective observer teams who monitored polls in Ghana’s 10 regions. Ambassadors from various missions wandered in at various times to monitor the situation. The idea was to coordinate our efforts, compare what we learned with international observers, and minimize duplication of effort. The relationships we forged strengthened our analytical capability and engagement during the three-day election process and greatly expanded the reach of the individual observer teams.
Phones rang around the clock with team leaders advising our analysts: Did polling stations open on time? Were appropriate political party agents on the premises? Were responsible Electoral Commission leaders in charge? Did any technical difficulties disenfranchise citizens? Were potential incidents of unrest handled by law enforcement?
The open atmosphere created by the Center fostered new friendships and strengthened existing ties, which will surely lead to future collaboration with our Ghanaian hosts. All the missions which participated considered our initiative as a generous and creative one and believed that all had profited from this pooling of resources. When technical glitches arose with Ghana’s new biometric voter verification machines at several of the 26,002 sites, we were able to cross check what election observers reported against local media reports. As you might expect, when the machines went down, some voters’ tempers flared but rarely did Ghanaians lose sight of their objective to vote. Some had to return on Saturday to select their next leaders, but they did so with cool heads and hearts filled with national pride.
Ghana’s candidates for President and Parliament engaged in robust debate during several months of lively campaigning. The outcome of some races was close, but we see this year’s results as reaffirming the strength of democracy in Ghana. At the moment of writing, there is still a possibility that the opposition might choose to contest the results; all have urged them that if they go down that route, it should be done via the legal processes available. We congratulate each candidate for contesting with spirit and professionalism, and look forward to continuing to build even closer U.S.-Ghana ties as we work together with President-elect Mahama, his leadership team, newly-elected members of Parliament, and representatives of all political parties.